The Kaplan Turbine
The Kaplan turbine is a propeller-type water turbine which has adjustable blades. It was developed in 1913 by the Austrian professor Viktor Kaplan, who combined automatically adjusted propeller blades with automatically adjusted wicket gates to achieve efficiency over a wide range of flow and water level.
The Kaplan turbine was an evolution of the Francis turbine. Its invention allowed efficient power production in low-head applications that was not possible with Francis turbines. The head ranges from 10–70 meters and the output from 5 to 200 MW. Runner diameters are between 2 and 11 meters. The range of the turbine rotation is from 79 to 429 rpm. The Kaplan turbine installation believed to generate the most power from its nominal head of 34.65m is as of 2013 the Tocoma Power Plant (Venezuela) Kaplan turbine generating 235MW with each of ten 4.8m diameter runners.
Kaplan turbines are now widely used throughout the world in high-flow, low-head power production.
“Water turbine (en 2)” by Water_turbine_(en).svg: *Water_turbine.svg: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Vector image: Gothika)
This vector graphics image was created with Adobe Illustrator. – This file was derived from:
Water_turbine_(en).svg . Licensed under Public domain via Wikimedia Commons.